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历史遗留围填海生态保护修复工作探讨——以晋江盐场围填海项目为例
李婵娟,吴耀建,李青生,方婧,郭洲华,戴娟娟
0
(自然资源部第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005)
摘要:
本研究以晋江盐场围填海项目为例,针对项目情况和区域环境特征,在收集现有资料和补充调查的基础上,分析评估了围填海工程建设的海洋生态影响,并提出了相应的生态保护修复方案。在此基础上,提出了今后工作的建议:①保护修复应推行整体保护、系统修复的有效机制,实现区域生态系统的恢复与良性发展。②围填多年已经形成相对稳定的生态系统的围填海项目,制定修复对策也应遵循现有的生态条件,充分考虑修复工程的成本与效益,增强修复方案的可操作性,做出最有利的决策。③生态修复模式应以自然恢复为主、人工修复为辅,最大程度恢复生态系统功能。本研究可为类似生态保护修复工作提供借鉴。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  历史遗留围填海  海洋生态影响  生态保护修复  人工湿地
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2022.01.008
基金项目:自然资源部围填海生态修复技术研究资助项目
Discussion on ecological protection and restoration of historical and problematic reclamation: a case study of Jinjiang salt pan reclamation project
LI Chanjuan,WU Yaojian,LI Qingsheng,FANG Jing,GUO Zhouhua,DAI Juanjuan
(Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005,China)
Abstract:
This paper takes Jinjiang salt pan reclamation project as an example aiming at the project situation and regional environmental issues, analyzes and evaluates the marine ecological impacts of reclamation project using available data and the data from supplementary survey and puts forward the restoration plan corresponding ecological protection. Moreover the works in future are suggested. Firstly, the restoration should be implemented as an effective mechanism of overall protection and systematic restoration for the health of regional ecosystem. Secondly, for reclamation projects that have functioned as a relatively stable ecosystem for long term, the restoration strategy should also consider the existing ecological conditions in combination with the cost and benefit of the restoration project and make the most favorable decision for the feasibilities of restoration plan. Thirdly, the ecological restoration model should base mainly on natural restoration with supplemented artificial efforts in order to fully regain the ecosystem functions. This study can be taken as a reference for other similar ecological protection and restoration works.
Key words:  marine environmental science  historical and problematic reclamation  marine ecological impact  ecological protection and restoration  artificial wetland

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