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海洋生态保护补偿绩效评价的核心问题探讨
赖敏,欧阳玉蓉,陈肖娟,陈克亮
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(自然资源部第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005;福建省海洋生态保护与修复重点实验室,福建 厦门 361005)
摘要:
绩效评价是保障生态补偿机制运行效率的关键环节之一。尽管我国已基本形成了生态保护补偿的总体框架,并在海洋生态保护与修复领域取得了一定进展和成效,但同时暴露出补偿资金来源单一、使用不够精准、激励作用不强等突出问题。如何制定科学合理的绩效评价体系,客观判断生态补偿效果与政策目标的实际偏差,识别政策执行不到位、影响效力发挥的短板,是未来生态补偿理论探索的重要方向和我国生态保护补偿实践的迫切需求。本研究从生态、经济和社会三个维度剖析了生态保护补偿绩效的主要评价内容,从政策本身、政策执行主体和政策目标群体的角度入手,讨论了生态保护补偿绩效的影响因素;结合海洋生态保护补偿的实践内容与进度、海洋生态保护补偿区的共同特点以及数据资料的可获取性等,探讨了海洋生态保护补偿绩效评价方法、指标体系和监管机制,以期为提高海洋生态保护补偿质量贡献新思路,为完善与优化生态保护补偿机制提供科学参考。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  生态保护补偿  海洋生态补偿  绩效评价
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2022.01.009
基金项目:自然资源部专项业务费资助项目(HD03-200901);自然资源部第三海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(海三科2016032);国家社会科学基金重大项目资助项目(16ZDA049)
Key issues of performance evaluation on eco-compensation of marine ecological conservation
LAI Min,OUYANG Yurong,CHEN Xiaojuan,CHEN Keliang
(Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China;Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China;Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Conservation and Restoration, Xiamen 361005, China)
Abstract:
Performance evaluation is the core link for the efficiency of eco-compensation mechanism. Although the framework of ecological conservation compensation was basically formed in China and the preliminary progress was achieved in the field of marine ecological protection and restoration, some problems such as single source and inaccurate use of eco-compensation funds, lack of incentive effect on target group, have emerged. How to establish a scientifically reasonable performance evaluation system and identify policy implementation deviation is an important direction to broaden the theoretical discussion on eco-compensation theory in future and the urgent demand of compensation practice in ecological conservation in China. This paper analyzes the main evaluation contents of ecological protection compensation performance from three aspects of ecology, economy and society and discusses the influencing factors of ecological protection compensation performance from the perspective of policy itself, policy implementation subject and policy target group. Combined with practical progress of eco-compensation in the field of marine ecological protection and restoration, common characteristics of ecocompensation area and availability of data, evaluation measurement, index system and regulatory mechanism of marine eco-compensation are discussed in order to provide a reference for improving and optimizing the compensation mechanism of marine ecological protection in China.
Key words:  marine environment science  ecological protection compensation  marine eco-compensation  performance evaluation

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