《应用海洋学学报》是自然资源部第三海洋研究所、中国海洋学会、福建省海洋学会主办，中国生态学学会海洋生态专业委员会协办，中华人民共和国自然资源部主管，国内外公开发行的全国性综合性海洋科学学报 (季刊，国内统一刊号：CN 35-1319/P，国际标准刊号：ISSN 2095-4972)。《应用海洋学学报》是中文核心期刊、中国科技核心期刊、中国科学引文数据库（CSCD）收录期刊、中国核心期刊（遴选）数据库收录期刊，也是中国、美国、英国、日本以及联合国等十几个科技期刊数据库的收录期刊。《应用海洋学学报》的办刊宗旨是：反映国内外海洋科学各分支学科和交叉学科的最新研究成果，促进海洋可持续开发利用、保护，为国内外基础海洋科学和应用海洋科学研究人员提供学术交流平台。其主要报道海洋生物学、海洋生态学、海洋化学、海洋地质学、海洋水文学、海洋环境科学、海洋气象学、海洋水声学与遥感等方面的学术论文和研究报告，以及反映各相关学科前沿最新研究动态的综述文章。
8. 参考文献(含公开与非公开出版)只列文中引用的。采用顺序编码制标注文献，即按引出文献在文中出现的先后连续编码，并将序号置于有关文字后的右上角或行中。参考文献的作者如是3名以内则全部列出；超过3名，则在第3名后加“等”或“et al.”。西文、俄文文献中的作者姓名，姓用全称并全部大写，名只取第一个字母，大写（不加“.”），全部作者均姓前名后著录。外文参考文献大写字母的使用应符合文献文种的习惯用法。参考文献著录格式如下：
Instructions for English Contributions to the Journal of Applied Oceanography and Description on Thesis Format
Journal of Applied Oceanography publishes the most recent scientific achievements and results as well as papers in the field of ocean sciences, which includes physical oceanography, marine meterorology, marine physics, marine remote sensing, marine chemistry, marine geology, marine biology, marine environment and ocean engineering, etc. Progress reports on research projects are also included.
I.Instructions for English contributions to the Journal of Applied Oceanography
Requirements for contributions
(1) Contributions must concern natural science in the marine science and technology filed and they shall focus on the latest research achievement and progress of some discipline of oceanography.
(2) Contributions are required to be pioneering and innovative with a novel topic, which shall be a cutting-edge topic in terms of fundamental research or applied fundamental research in the international or domestic marine science and technology field.
(3) The research achievement mentioned in a contribution shall be of important scientific significance or application value and be able to draw attention of peers in this discipline.
(4) In such contribution, it requires reasonable methods, reliable data, rigorous reasoning, clear conclusion and normative writing.
(5) Contributions shall be free from confidentiality issues, as well as duplicate submission and publication of the same contribution.
Three documents at least shown below must be submitted together with a contribution:
1. Mean Document, namely, the text of a paper. Please note that the double-blind submission for review system should be adopted for English contributions to the Journal of Applied Oceanography. The text, therefore, shall exclude any information related to the author and the unit.
2.Title paper contains information related to the corresponding author and unit in English.
3.The Chinese abstract shall contain the corresponding Chinese title, abstract and key words.
The author is suggested to provide names of 2-3 experts in charge of manuscript examination (indicating the research field, working unit, E-mail box, contact number and title of these experts) when submitting its contribution. Please indicate the person in charge of manuscript examination and evaluation who shall avoid as required, just for reference by the Editorial Department. In addition, all the contributions shall be in Word format.
II.Description on the format of English contributions to the Journal of Applied Oceanography
A thesis officially published contains the title, the author’s name and its working unit, fund programs (if any) and the mailbox of the corresponding author at the footnote of the first page, abstract and key words, text, acknowledgement (if any) and bibliographies.
The title must be concise, general, condensate, clear, accurate, eye-catching, thought-provoking and consistent with the text. In general, a title could contain 30 words at most. Try not to make a title into a sentence and avoid word repeat. A sub-title is allowed when necessary, while abbreviations are not allowed. The initial of a title shall be in capital form, as well as initials of proper nouns and geographic names and the remaining is in the lowercase form. Details are as below:
(2) The author’s name and working unit
Family name comes first and then the given name. The whole family name is in the capital form, while the initial of the given name is in the capital form, such as “ZHANG Guoqing”;
The author’s working unit: the full name of the working unit, city postal code and the nationality.
Note: when indicating the working unit, there is a space between the concerned city and postal code, excluding a comma in English form.
The figure, indicated at the top right corner by the author, demonstrates the unit to which this author is affiliated and the corresponding author is affixed with “*”.
The example is as below:
(3) The fund programs and mailbox of the corresponding author at the footnote of the first page
The full name and approval number of fund program shall be connected with “under contract”, such as “under contract No. PE12345” or “under contract Nos PE12345 and PE54321”. Please arrange multiple fund programs in sequence and “;” in English form shall be used to separate a program from another.
Start a new paragraph below the fund programs, with “*” at the upper left corner to be followed by the mailbox of the corresponding author. See the example below:
Refer to Annex 2 at the end of this paper for translation of the common funds.
(4) Abstract and key words
In general, an abstract shall not exceed 300 words in the form of informative abstract, which means an abstract usually contains 4 parts, namely, purpose, method, result and conclusion or discussion. In addition, the abstract shall be of “independence” and “self-evidence”, capable of thoroughly illustrating contents of this paper in a concise way. Abbreviations, shorter forms and codes can not be used in an abstract, but if necessary, they shall be explained when appearing at the first time. Meanwhile, an abstract shall be free from figures, tables, formulas, chemical structures, bibliographies, as well as evaluative terms.
There shall be 3-8 key words in general, separated by commas in English form, among which, initials of proper nouns and geographic names shall be in the capital form and others are in the lowercase form. See the example below:
(5)Subtitles in the text
The structure of subtitles in the text shall be proper, which is divided into two or three levels in general. Each level of subtitle shall be demonstrated with 1, 2, 3…; 1.1, 1.2, 1.3…, and so on. All the subtitles shall be written from the starting point of some row, and a serial number is connected with a word space, and then followed by the corresponding subtitle (excluding full stop in English form). Each subtitle in the text shall not exceed 15 words in general.
Serial numbers of Level I and II shall be black body of text and those of Level III shall be white body of text. Words of a Level I Subtitle are black body of text in English form, those of Level II Subtitles are italic black body in English form and those of Level III Subtitles are italic white body.
Introduce development history of the discipline, research significance, representative achievements obtained by predecessors and works published by this author. Offer positive comments and demonstrate connection and inheritance relationship with achievements of predecessors to introduce the framework of this paper. The preface shall be in a proper length (usually less than 20% of the whole paper) and be free from any figures, tables and formulas.
(7) Figures and tables
A contribution is only attached with necessary figures and tables, avoiding too large and too many figures and tables. Figures are required to be clear with well-arranged structure. There shall be corresponding space reserved in the text for all the necessary figures and tables, attached with clear figure sequence and name, as well as table sequence and table name. Figures and tables are usually put at the end of the paragraph of the text where the figures and tables firstly appear, which means words come first, followed by figures and tables, convenient for user reading. In addition, strive to ensure that the attached figure has accurate and clear contents, with proper size and degree of complexity. Meanwhile, structure of figures is required to be reasonable; line density and thickness is appropriate and precision is high enough (lines are smooth, free from serration and precision shall be kept 600 pixels/cm above). If a figure is composed of several sub-figures, it shall be clearly demonstrated with a, b, c, d, etc. without brackets. Once the final manuscript has been confirmed, please supply the source vector figures in which words are editable in formats of eps, ai, wmf, gmf, srf and emf. In case the source vector figures cannot be supplied, try to supply high-resolution figures.
If a figure contains coordinates of latitude and longitude, the coordinate of latitude shall be positioned at the left side of the figure and longitude shall be positioned at the top of the figure. Geographic names contained in the figure must be English standardized form and names of mountains and water (including ocean, lake, river, tide, stream and strait) must be English italics (left italic). Use ○ to mark the position of the city in the map and words, signs, vertical and horizontal coordinates, as well as the corresponding amount and unit, must be clearly offered in the figure and consistent with narration in the text. Variables are separated from their units with “/”, such as “Temperature/℃” and “Density/kg·m-3”. For values contained in the figure, a space shall be added every 3 values (except the year), such as “1 000 hPa”. Please note that the foregoing provision is also applied to figures indicated on the coordinate axis. The figure name shall be positioned below the corresponding figure and the correct format of figure sequence shall be “Fig. 1”. See the below for details:
The attached table shall be three-line vertical table and follows the paragraph in which the first citation appears in the text. The table structure shall be concise. The parametric symbols in each column of the table shall be followed by units and variables are separated from units with “/”. Examples are shown as below:
Figures and tables in the text are usually in the form of “Fig. 2a” and “Table 1” (a space is in the middle). If the description of figures and tables acts as the head of a sentence, they shall be in the full name, namely, “Figure 2a”.
(8) Units, figures and formulas
Units of measurement shall strictly conform to the Legal Unit of Measurement of the People’s Republic of China and the unit of measurement, which has been annulled, shall be converted into the corresponding legal unit of measurement. There shall be a space between the unit and previous figure in the text, such as “10 m”, “10 cm/s” and “10 mol/L”. However, there shall be no space when the unit is ℃. There shall be a space added every 3 figures representing values in the text, such as “1 000 hPa”. The unit of years is represented by “a” in the text.
Quantity symbols are only permitted to appear in formulas, figures and header of tables and it is necessary to explain the physical significance represented by each quantity symbol. Physical quantities in formulas are usually represented in italics (such as x, y). When a physical quantity is attached with a superscript or a subscript, if this superscript or subscript is a variable, it shall be in English italic and if it is an abbreviation of illustrative words, it shall be lowercase standardized form in English. It is required to strive to reduce the number of words whose first several letters are selected as the subscript under the conditions not generating confusion (such as Example 2).
Example 1. The physical quantities X and x in the following formula are in italic and the subscript i is a variable (from 1 to N), which shall be in italic
Example 2. Subscripts, such as s and total in the following formula playing a role of illustration, shall be in standardized form
A formula appearing in the text shall be in the format of “Eq. (2)”, but if it appears at the beginning of a sentence, the format shall be “Equation (2)”. When a formula is to be introduced, continuous sentences shall be used and the formula shall be followed by “,” or “.”. See the following example:
When a unit symbol or a symbol representing substance is used as a subscript, it shall be in the standardized form, such as W3h, cB. If there are more than two subscripts, or a symbol as a subscript representing some substance is relatively complicated (being a molecular formula or having subscripts), such subscript could be positioned inside round brackets following this quantity, such as W (5h, -35℃), representing the electricity capacity of the storage battery which discharges for 5 hours under -35℃. Usually, it does not accept W5h,-35℃, as well as partial pressure of carbon dioxide – p (CO2) and concentration of sulfuric acid – c (H2SO4).
(9) Documents cited in the text
The “author – publishing year” system is adopted for bibliographies marked by this Journal. If there is only one author, it shall be in the form of (family name of the author, publishing year), such as (Wang, 2006); if there are two authors, it shall be in the form of (family name of the first author and family name of the second author, publishing year), such as (Wang and Liu, 2012); if there are more than two authors, it shall be in the form of (family name of the first author et al., publishing year), such as (Wang et al., 2006). Multiple documents cited in a position shall be separated by “;” in English. Please pay special attention to verifying the publishing year of each document cited, not mistaking it.
If there are documents whose first authors and publishing years are the same, when they are cited in the text, use a, b following the publishing year and the example is “A et al., 2013a; A et al., 2013b”; if the cited documents only concern two authors and these two authors and the publishing years are the same, the format is “A and B, 2006a; A and B, 2206b”; if documents cited from the same author and the publishing year is the same, the format is “A, 2008a; A, 2008b”.
The subtitle “Acknowledgements” shall be consistent with the subtitle of Level II, in italic black body. Contents usually cover: acknowledgement to the crew of the research vessel (airplane), research participants, scientific research assistants, interns and data sources.
Note: only list the name of individuals to whom acknowledgement is offered, without titles and degree
If names are mentioned in acknowledgement, family name comes first, followed by given name. If it is a Chinese name, the initials of family name and given name are in the capital form, such as “Zhang Guoqing”. Abbreviation is allowed for foreign names.
(11) Bibliographies at the end of the paper
Bibliographies at the end of the paper are the most significant documents that have been read by the author, cited in this paper and officially published and they shall be corresponding to the documents cited in the text, which means, documents cited in the text are to be listed at the end of the paper and there shall be clear citation in the text corresponding to bibliographies listed at the end. Materials or research achievements unpublished yet shall be indicated through footnote in the text after obtaining consent of the concerned personnel, and they are not allowed to appear in the bibliographies list.
With regard to the name of the author of a bibliography, family name comes first, followed by given name. A Chinese name shall be in the full form, with capitalized initials of family name and given name, such as “Zhang Guoqing” and abbreviations are permitted for foreign names. Please pay attention to that there is no abbreviation point. Authors of all bibliographies shall be arranged in the initial order, and A, B, C could be in the abbreviation form. If different bibliographies have the same first author, the names shall be arranged according to the name of the second author and the rest will be done in the same manner. The bibliography with earlier publishing year will come first for bibliographies with completely same authors.
Note: abbreviations of foreign names and journal names shall be free from abbreviation point and there is no full stop at the end of bibliographies.
Format corresponding to each kind of bibliography is as below:
Author name (if they are less than three authors, indicate their names completely and if they are more than three authors, just indicate the first three authors, followed by “et al”. An author name shall be separated from another with English comma). publishing year. document title. journal name. volume (issue): starting page – ending page.
Li Li, Gan Zijun. 2014. Ventilation of the Sulu Sea retrieved from historical data. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 33(9):1－11.
Sui Cuijuan, Zhang Zhanhai, Liu Jiping, et al. 2008. Variation of Arctic runoff and its association with climate factors. Acta Oceanologica Sinica (in Chinese), 30(4): 39–47.
Note: English full stop is added between the author and publishing year, between the publishing year and the document title, and between the document title and the journal name. The abbreviation of the journal name is free from abbreviation point. Except the first letter and proper nouns that should be capitalized in the document title, initials of other words shall be lowercase. Non-English journals shall be attached with the language following the journal name, such as (in Chinese).
Author name. publishing year. book name. edition (Edition 1 is omitted). Place of publication: publisher, starting page – ending page corresponding to the part cited in this paper
Wood S N. 2006. Generalized Additive Models: An Introduction with R. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 7–15
Holton J R. 2004. An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology. 4th ed. New York: Academic Press, 70–73
Note: Initials of notional words in the book name shall be capitalized. The non-English monographs shall be attached with language following the book name.
Paper collection and other analyzed documents:
Author name. publishing year. analyzed document title. In: editor, eds. paper collection name. place of publication: publisher, staring page – ending page
Munk W H. 1981. Internal waves and small-scale processes. In: Warren B A, Wunsch C, eds. Evolution of Physical Oceanography. Cambridge: MIT Press, 264－291.
Note: initials of words in the book or paper collection name where the analyzed document comes are capitalized and if there is only one editor, the format is “ed.”.
Author name. year. title [dissertation]. storage place: storage unit.
Patent applicant or owner. announcement date. title name: patent country, patent number
International and national criteria:
Criteria maker. publishing year. criteria numbers and names. place of publication: publisher, page.
Main person in charge. publishing year. title name. place of publication: publisher, obtaining and access path [publishing date (such as: 2012-5-1)/download date (such as: 2013-6-1)].
Various literatures of undefined types:
Main person in charge. publishing year. literature title. place of publication: publisher.
(12) Other matters to be noted
1. When an area is to be introduced, latitude comes first, followed by longitude. For example: “The study areas include the seas off China in an area of 23°－41°N，117°－130°E ”
2. The format expressing a numerical range: such as “(0.050±0.014) ℃/a”
3. The unit – Sv has been abandoned, using 106m3/s for replacement and the unit – dbar has been abandoned, converted into Pa.
4. All the measured data must be composed of mean value and variance. The valid figures of a calculation result must be reasonable. Correlation and comparison analysis must be equipped with the coefficient of correlation and spectral analysis must offer the confidence coefficient curve.