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我国海洋放射性监测技术体系现状及展望
于涛,倪甲林,黄德坤,林静,纪建达
0
(自然资源部第三海洋研究所海洋生态环境预警监测研究室,福建 厦门 361005;自然资源部北部湾滨海湿地生态系统野外科学观测研究站,广西 北海536015)
摘要:
随着我国滨海核设施和核技术利用项目的大力建设与发展,迫切需要建立一套统一、规范的海洋放射性监测技术体系,以保障和应对我国海洋放射性环境安全与风险。本文分别对当前海洋放射性样品采集规范体系、海洋放射性监测技术规范体系、海洋放射性监测分析方法体系、海洋放射性质量评价体系和质量保证体系进行梳理,提出海洋放射性监测技术体系的发展建议,以期为海洋放射性环境监测技术体系建设规划工作提供参考。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  海洋放射性  监测技术体系  质量评价  质量保证
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2022.01.020
基金项目:福建省科技计划社会发展引导性资助项目(2018Y0059);厦门海洋研究开发院共建资助项目(K181301);自然资源部第三海洋研究所基本科研业务费资助项目项目(2019001,2020017);广西重点研发计划资助项目(桂科AB17292056)
Analysis and prospect of technology system for radioactivity monitoring in marine environment of China
YU Tao,NI Jialin,HUANG Dekun,LIN Jing,JI Jianda
(Marine Ecological Environment Early Warning and Monitoring Laboratory, Third Institution of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China; Observation and Research Station of Coastal Wetland Ecosystem in Beibu Gulf, MNR, Beihai 536015, China)
Abstract:
With the booming construction and development of coastal nuclear facilities and nuclear technology utilization projects in China and neighboring countries, there is an urgent need to establish an unified and standardized marine radioactivity monitoring technology system for marine radioactive environmental safety and risk assessment. This article reviews the current marine radioactive sample collection specifications, marine radioactivity monitoring technical standard system, marine radioactivity monitoring and analysis method system, marine radioactivity quality evaluation system and quality assurance system, and puts forward recommendations and references for the development of marine radioactivity monitoring technology system.
Key words:  marine environmental science  marine radioactivity  monitoring technology system  quality evaluation  quality assurance

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