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滨海社区空间演变分形研究——以厦门市高浦社区为例
俞晓牮,赵志庆,李焱龙,林松
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(1.哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院、寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150001;2.闽南师范大学生物科学与技术学院,福建 漳州 363000;3.厦门大学建筑与土木学院,福建 厦门 361005;4.厦门大学海洋与地球学院,福建 厦门 361005)
摘要:
滨海城市社区的空间形态及其海岸线表现出一定程度的复杂性,发展量化描述方法对于其可发展研究有重要的理论与应用价值。本研究基于分形理论,以滨海城市厦门的高浦社区为研究对象,利用计盒法对该滨海社区空间形态和边界进行复杂性分析和分形维计算,研究社区空间形态复杂性演变规律。结果表明:作为典型海湾渔村的高浦社区空间形态具有分数维,呈现分形结构特性。自1989年至今,该社区空间形态的分形维数呈现增长态势;社区边界的分形维数呈现下降态势。社区空间形态的分形维数与社区建筑占地面积、建筑总面积、建筑密度、容积率都表现出相关性。这表明滨海社区在快速城市化进程中,社区规模急剧扩张可能会导致空间形态和边界复杂性的显著变化。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  城乡规划与设计  滨海社区  复杂性  分形维  空间形态
DOI:
基金项目:住建部科学技术计划资助项目(2017-R2-015)
Fractal study on evolution of community spatial form: a case study on Gaopu community of Xiamen
YU Xiao-jian,ZHAO Zhi-qing,LI Yan-long,LIN Song
(1. Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China; 2. School of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, China; 3. Department of Architecture, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; 4. College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
Abstract:
Urban spatial form shows a certain degrees of complexity, and developing its quantitative description method is both theoretically and practically important for urban community construction in the coastal areas. Based on the fractal theory, this paper analyzes the spatial form of a typical fishery village by the sea, Gaopu community in Xiamen, by boxcounting method and calculates the fractal dimension to study the complexity evolution of community spatial form. The results mdicate that the spatial form of the community has fractal dimension characterized by its fractal structures. Since 1989 the fractal dimension of community spatial form increases but fractal dimension of the community boundary decreases. The estimated fractal dimension of community spatial distribution has statistical correlations with the total community building area, total construction area, building density, and volume ratio. The results indicate that community expansion may have led to significant changes in community spatial form and the boundary complexity due to 30year rapid urbanization in coastal areas.
Key words:  marine environmental science  urban planning and design  community  complexity  fractal dimension  spatial form

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