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海上搜救辅助决策技术研究进展
朱岿,牟林,王道胜,孙均楷
0
(1.中国地质大学(武汉)海洋学院,湖北 武汉 430074; 2.中国地质大学深圳研究院,广东 深圳 518057)
摘要:
随着我国“海洋强国”和“一带一路”战略的实施,海上活动日益频繁,海难事故风险持续增长,海上人员安全问题受到了越来越多的关注。本文以海上搜救区域的确定和搜寻方案的规划两个关键技术为切入点,综述了海上搜救辅助决策关键技术的发展过程和相应的研究成果。首先,针对海上遇险目标的运动特性,介绍了遇险目标漂移模型的发展,概述了漂移轨迹和搜救区域的计算方法;其次,分别对静止和运动目标的搜寻策略进行了回顾与归纳;最后,总结了上述技术在国内外的业务化应用情况,进而探讨了相关技术的未来发展方向。本文旨在为我国海上搜救应急保障体系的建设和重大海难事故应急反应能力的提高提供依据和参考。
关键词:  物理海洋学  海上搜救  辅助决策  搜救区域  搜寻方案
DOI:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFC1404700);深圳市科技创新委员会基础研究学科布局资助项目(20170418);广东省促进经济发展专项资金(海洋经济发展用途)资助项目(GDME 2018E001);中国地质大学(武汉)2018年第一批本科教学工程资助项目(ZL201819);中国地质大学(武汉)2018年研究生教育教学改革基金资助项目
Advance in maritime search and rescue decision support techniques
ZHU Kui,MU Lin,WANG Dao-sheng,SUN Jun-kai
(College of Marine Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;College of Marine Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China; Shenzhen Research Institute, China University of Geosciences, Shenzhen 518057, China)
Abstract:
With the implementation of “Maritime Power” and “the Belt and Road” strategies, the frequencies of the active oceanic operations as well as the risk of marine casualty are considerable in China, thus the issue of maritime safety is a growing concern. In this paper, the research and development of two key techniques of Maritime Search and Rescue Decision Support System are reviewed along with the optimal determination of maritime search area and the optimal planning of search schemes. Firstly, the development of drift model of maritime distress target and the algorithm of drift trajectory and search area are introduced. Then, the search strategies for both stationary and moving targets are summarized. At last, the operational applications of the above technologies at home and abroad are overviewed and suggestions for the future development of related technologies are proposed. This paper aims at providing the criterions and references for improving the construction of contingency reaction system and emergency response capability of the marine casualty.
Key words:  physical oceanography  maritime search and rescue  decision support  search area  search plan

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