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海洋防灾减灾信息服务体系构建理论与方法
张新,周琳,崔锦甜
0
(中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所、遥感科学国家重点实验室,北京 100101;武汉大学遥感信息工程学院,湖北 武汉 430079;中国科学院大学,北京 100049)
摘要:
海洋灾害的发生同所处的地理、气候等自然条件紧密相关,所以海洋防灾减灾信息系统研究需要围绕区域性发展规律开展。本研究从信息基础设施建设理论的角度,为了避免“信息壁垒、信息孤岛、重复建设”,定义了“区域性防灾减灾信息服务体系”,解析了6个特征和基础要素并提出了面向集成的以业务流为核心的“5层沙漏”模型。进而,以台湾海峡区域防灾减灾信息服务体系构建与应用的案例,论证了其实际应用的意义。最后,结合我国智慧海洋建设,提出了未来的发展方向与研究重点。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  区域  防灾减灾  信息服务体系  理论方法
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2019.02.017
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB0504201);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61473286)
Theory and method on construction of information service system for marine disaster prevention and reduction
ZHANG Xin,ZHOU Lin,CUI Jin-tian
(Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
Abstract:
The occurrence of marine natural disaster has a close relation with the natural factors including geographical and climate conditions and so on. Thus the construction of information system for disaster prevention and reduction should consider the developmental rules of regional disasters. To avoid the phenomena of “isolated information island”, “information bulwark” and “repeated construction”, the concept, six characters and basic factors of “regional information service system for disaster prevention and reduction” are also analyzed in this paper from the point view of cyber infrastructure firstly. Then the “five layers of sandglass” architecture is put forward. Taking the construction and application of Regional Information Service System for Disaster Prevention and Reduction in Taiwan Strait as a case study, the importance of the achievement in this paper is introduced. In the end, the key content and the direction for future study is proposed to meet the demand of the Intelligent Ocean.
Key words:  marine environmental science  region  disaster prevention and reduction  information service system  theory and method

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