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中国无居民海岛开发利用管理现状、问题和对策
傅世锋,吴海燕,蔡晓琼,潘翔,吴剑,陈鹏
0
(自然资源部第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门361005;福建省海洋生态保护与修复重点实验室,福建 厦门361005)
摘要:
无居民海岛是自然资源的重要组成部分,《中华人民共和国海岛保护法》的实施标志着中国无居民海岛开发利用进入了集中管理的阶段,管理逐步规范。本研究基于无居民海岛开发利用管理的主要环节,在回顾《海岛保护法》实施后无居民海岛开发利用管理现状的基础上,分析了分类管理体系不完善、资源综合调查滞后、科技支撑不足、历史遗留问题解决难度大等4个亟待解决的问题,提出了完善海岛管理制度体系、有序推进系统性的资源调查和研究、优化开发利用活动分类管理、建立科学的规划体系、有效破解多头管理困局等对策,为在国家机构改革大背景下完善无居民海岛开发利用管理制度提供参考。
关键词:  海洋环境科学  无居民海岛  开发  利用  分类管理  权属问题
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2021.04.021
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52078445,41506125);国家重大科技支撑资助项目(2018YFC0507205)
Problems and countermeasures of recent development and utilization of uninhabited islands in China
FU Shifeng,WU Haiyan,CAI Xiaoqiong,PAN Xiang,WU Jian,CHEN Peng
(Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China;Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China; Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Conservation and Restoration, Xiamen 361005, China)
Abstract:
Uninhabited islands are an important component of China's natural resources. The implementation of the Island Protection Law of the People's Republic of China demonstrates that China's development and utilization of uninhabited islands have entered the stage of gradual standardization and centralized management. By reviewing the management status of these islands, this study analyzes four urgent problems related to the development and utilization of island resources, including the imperfect classification management system, the lagging comprehensive survey of resources, the lack of scientific and technological support and difficulty in solving historical problems. This study proposes countermeasures which include improving the island management system, promoting orderly the systematic resource investigation, optimizing the classification management of development and utilization activities, establishing a scientific planning system, solving the dilemma of multiple management and etc. The suggestions can be taken as references to further improve the management system of the development and utilization of uninhabited islands in the context of national institutional reform.
Key words:  marine environmental science  uninhabited island  development  utilization  classification management  ownership issue

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