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我国近海大型海藻生态修复策略与典型案例
何培民,段元亮,刘巧,刘金林,刘炜,张建恒,方建光,蒋增杰,吴海龙,李信书,汤坤贤,李可俊,李娟英,赵爽,常佳楠,张建琳,包炎琳,赵子滔,张梅菁
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(上海海洋大学海洋生态与环境学院,上海 201306;上海海洋大学水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室,上海 201306;自然资源部大都市区国土空间生态修复工程技术创新中心,上海 200003;中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所,山东 青岛 266000;江苏海洋大学,江苏 连云港 222005;自然资源部第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005)
摘要:
随着人类对海洋过度开发,我国近海环境问题日益突出,多处海域出现重度富营养化现象。目前,国内外不仅对海水富营养化现象日益关注,而且积极寻求有效的生态修复方案,其中应用大型海藻进行海洋生态环境修复得到普遍认可。大型海藻修复不仅有助于实现生态环境良性循环,构建稳定的海洋生态系统,还可使得经济发展与生态环境保护相协调。本研究基于我国近海生态环境问题以及相应的大型海藻修复策略展开综述,对现有的大型海藻生态修复特点及近海封闭海域、半封闭海域和开放海域生态修复工程案例进行总结,以期对我国近海富营养化海域生态修复起到一定的指导作用。
关键词:  海洋生物学  近海环境  富营养化  大型海藻修复  修复案例
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2021.04.001
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFD0901500);国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAC07B00);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41576163,31502172);上海市自然科学基金资助项目(21ZR1427400);自然资源部大都市区国土空间生态修复工程技术创新中心开放课题资助项目(CXZX202006);上海市海洋局资助项目(沪海科2015-02);农业部淡水水产种质资源重点实验室开放课题资助项目(A1-2037-17-000122)
Strategy of macroalgae eco-remediation with cases in nearshore China
HE Peimin,DUAN Yuanliang,LIU Qiao,LIU Jinlin,LIU Wei,ZHANG Jianheng,FANG Jianguang,JIANG Zengjie,WU Hailong,LI Xinshu,TANG Kunxian,LI Kejun,LI Juanying,ZHAO Shuang,CHANG Jia′nan,ZHANG Jianlin,BAO Yanlin,ZHAO Zitao,ZHANG Meijing
(College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306, China;College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306, China; Technology Innovation Center for Land Spatial Ecorestoration in Metropolitan Area, MNR, Shanghai 200003, China;Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266000, China;Jiangsu Ocean University, Lianyungang 222005, China;Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Xiamen 361005, China;College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;Technology Innovation Center for Land Spatial Ecorestoration in Metropolitan Area, MNR, Shanghai 200003, China)
Abstract:
Over-exploitation of marine resources and frequent anthropogenic activities have brought about problems in marine environment. It is becoming increasingly prominent in the coastal areas of China where severe eutrophication occurred in several areas. At present, more attentions have been paid to the seawater eutrophication around the world, ecological restoration was considered as one of the important strategies to prevent eutrophication. Macroalgae as a primary producer in marine ecosystem play a key role in ecological restoration. Macroalgae-remediation can not only help to achieve a beneficial cycle for a healthn ecosystem but also coordinates economic development and environment protection. In this review, based on the nearshore environment problems in China and the corresponding macroalgal restoration strategies, three cases of ecological restoration project in sea areas of different spatial scales, including inshore fully-enclosed sea area, semi-closed bay and open sea area, were summarized. Meanwhile, the ecological functions and effects of macroalgae during the restoration are revealed. This paper can be taken as reference for the marine ecological restoration in China.
Key words:  marine biology  coast environment  eutrophication  macroalgae-remediation  restoration case

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